Most women who have gestational diabetes give birth to healthy babies,
especially when they keep their blood sugar under control, eat a healthy diet, get regular, moderate physical activity, and maintain a healthy weight. In some cases, though, the condition can affect the pregnancy.
Keeping glucose levels under control may prevent certain problems related to gestational diabetes.
Below are some conditions that can result from your having gestational diabetes. Keep in mind that just because you have gestational diabetes does
not mean that these problems will occur.
Baby’s body is larger than normal. Largebodied babies sometimes get injured by natural delivery through the vagina; the baby may need to be delivered through cesarean section. The most common complication for these babies is shoulder dystocia
Baby’s blood sugar is too low. You may need to start breastfeeding right away to get more glucose into the baby’s system. If it’s not possible for you to start feedings, the baby may need to get glucose through a thin, plastic tube in his or her arm that puts glucose directly into the blood.
Baby’s skin turns yellowish; white parts of the eyes may also change colour slightly. If treated, jaundice is not a serious problem for the baby.
Respiratory Distress Syndrome (RDS)
Baby has trouble breathing. The baby might need oxygen or other help breathing if he or she has RDS.
Low Calcium and Magnesium Levels in the Baby’s Blood
Baby could develop a condition that causes spasms in the hands and feet, or twitching or cramping muscles. This condition can be treated with calcium and magnesium supplements.